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Fam Process. 2011 Dec;50(4):453-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2011.01371.x.

Between pink and blue: a multi-dimensional family approach to gender nonconforming children and their families.

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Ackerman Institute for the Family, New York, NY, USA.


Families of gender nonconforming children need to negotiate the interactions between two gender systems: a rigid gender binary imported from familial, social, and cultural experiences and a fluid gender spectrum articulated by their child. This article reviews parental reactions to nonconforming gender developments and poses that the parental mandates of protection and acceptance are problematized by the difference of gender norms between the child and the family, as well as the child and the environment. Through multiple therapeutic modalities-parental coaching and education, parent support group, and child and family therapy-the author illustrates interventions supporting both parents and prepubescent children in their negotiation of safety, connection, and fluidity. Case vignettes illustrate the method in action.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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