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J Med Chem. 2012 Jan 12;55(1):23-36. doi: 10.1021/jm200421e. Epub 2011 Dec 22.

Synthesis, biological evaluation, and docking studies of tetrahydrofuran- cyclopentanone- and cyclopentanol-based ligands acting at adrenergic α₁- and serotonine 5-HT1A receptors.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia , Via Campi 183, 41125 Modena, Italy.


A series of aralkylphenoxyethylamine and aralkylmethoxyphenylpiperazine compounds was synthesized and their in vitro pharmacological profile at both 5-HT(1A) receptors and α(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes was measured by binding assay and functional studies. The results showed that the replacement of the 1,3-dioxolane ring by a tetrahydrofuran, cyclopentanone, or cyclopentanol moiety leads to an overall reduction of in vitro affinity at the α(1)-adrenoceptor while both potency and efficacy were increased at the 5-HT(1A) receptor. A significant improvement of 5-HT(1A)/α(1) selectivity was observed in some of the cyclopentanol derivatives synthesized (4acis, 4ccis and trans). Compounds 2a and 4ccis emerged as novel and interesting 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist (pK(i) = 8.70) and a 5-HT(1A) receptor partial agonist (pK(i) = 9.25, pD(2) = 9.03, E(max) = 47%, 5-HT(1A)/α(1a) = 69), respectively. Docking studies were performed at support of the biological data and to elucidate the molecular basis for 5-HT(1A) agonism/antagonism activity.

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