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Perspect Clin Res. 2011 Oct;2(4):137-44. doi: 10.4103/2229-3485.86879.

Patient-reported outcomes: A new era in clinical research.

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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal, India.


Now-a-days there is significant discussion about patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in medical world. The following article covers almost all the areas of PRO including-their importance, important concepts for understanding of PRO, significance, ideal properties, types, development and evaluation of PRO instruments. It is useful for physicians, pharmacists and patients for the assessment and improvement of the therapy.


PRO; Patient reported outcomes; clinical research; quality of life

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