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Int J Dent. 2011;2011:320798. doi: 10.1155/2011/320798. Epub 2011 Nov 14.

An assessment of the cariogenicity of commonly used infant milk formulae using microbiological and biochemical methods.

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  • 1Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SMBT Dental College, Amrutnagar, Ghulewadi, Sangamner, Maharashtra, Ahmednagar 422608, India.

Abstract

Dental caries is an important dental public health problem and is the most prevalent oral disease among children in the world. The present study was undertaken to evaluate and comparatively assess the change in plaque and salivary pH after ingestion of various commercially available infant milk formulae, and also to evaluate and comparatively assess plaque and salivary samples for change in colony-forming units of Streptococcus mutans caused due to their ingestion. 36 children in the age group of 1-2 years were fed with infant milk formulae three times a day for 21 days and results quantified. The present study revealed a highly significant increase in the levels of colony-forming units of Streptococcus mutans in both the plaque and salivary samples when assessed at baseline and after a period of 21 days, with the t value being 11.92 for the plaque samples and 11.66 for the salivary samples. It was also observed that all the test samples produced significantly lower plaque pH values than pre-feed pH. Based upon this study, further evaluation of the cariogenicity of infant milk formulae is recommended.

PMID:
22144999
PMCID:
PMC3227442
DOI:
10.1155/2011/320798
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