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Chem Soc Rev. 2012 Mar 21;41(6):2283-307. doi: 10.1039/c1cs15270j. Epub 2011 Dec 5.

Biological and chemical sensors based on graphene materials.

Author information

1
Division of Bioengineering, School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637457, Singapore.

Abstract

Owing to their extraordinary electrical, chemical, optical, mechanical and structural properties, graphene and its derivatives have stimulated exploding interests in their sensor applications ever since the first isolation of free-standing graphene sheets in year 2004. This article critically and comprehensively reviews the emerging graphene-based electrochemical sensors, electronic sensors, optical sensors, and nanopore sensors for biological or chemical detection. We emphasize on the underlying detection (or signal transduction) mechanisms, the unique roles and advantages of the used graphene materials. Properties and preparations of different graphene materials, their functionalizations are also comparatively discussed in view of sensor development. Finally, the perspective and current challenges of graphene sensors are outlined (312 references).

PMID:
22143223
DOI:
10.1039/c1cs15270j
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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