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PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e28239. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028239. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

The Nubian Complex of Dhofar, Oman: an African middle stone age industry in Southern Arabia.

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1
Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. jeffrey.i.rose@gmail.com

Abstract

Despite the numerous studies proposing early human population expansions from Africa into Arabia during the Late Pleistocene, no archaeological sites have yet been discovered in Arabia that resemble a specific African industry, which would indicate demographic exchange across the Red Sea. Here we report the discovery of a buried site and more than 100 new surface scatters in the Dhofar region of Oman belonging to a regionally-specific African lithic industry--the late Nubian Complex--known previously only from the northeast and Horn of Africa during Marine Isotope Stage 5, ∼128,000 to 74,000 years ago. Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates from the open-air site of Aybut Al Auwal in Oman place the Arabian Nubian Complex at ∼106,000 years ago, providing archaeological evidence for the presence of a distinct northeast African Middle Stone Age technocomplex in southern Arabia sometime in the first half of Marine Isotope Stage 5.

PMID:
22140561
PMCID:
PMC3227647
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0028239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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