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Cell Cycle. 2011 Dec 1;10(23):4098-109. doi: 10.4161/cc.10.23.18227. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Artemis interacts with the Cul4A-DDB1DDB2 ubiquitin E3 ligase and regulates degradation of the CDK inhibitor p27.

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Department of Genetics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.


Artemis, a member of the SNM1 gene family, is a multifunctional phospho-protein that has been shown to have important roles in V(D)J recombination, DNA double strand break repair, and stress-induced cell-cycle checkpoint regulation. We show here that Artemis interacts with the Cul4A-DDB1 E3 ubiquitin ligase via a direct interaction with the substrate-specificity receptor DDB2. Furthermore, Artemis also interacts with the CDK inhibitor and tumor suppressor p27, a substrate of the Cul4A-DDB1 ligase, and both DDB2 and Artemis are required for the degradation of p27 mediated by this complex. We also show that the regulation of p27 by Artemis and DDB2 is important for cell cycle progression in normally proliferating cells and in response to serum deprivation. These findings thus define a function for Artemis as an effector of Cullin-based E3 ligase-mediated ubiquitylation, demonstrate a novel pathway for the regulation of p27, and show that Cul4A-DDB1(DDB2-Artemis) regulates G1 phase cell cycle progression in mammalian cells.

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