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Orbit. 2011 Dec;30(6):280-8. doi: 10.3109/01676830.2011.604897.

Stability of eyelid height after graded anterior-approach lid lowering for dysthyroid upper lid retraction.

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Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, England.



To investigate the outcome of a modified anterior approach surgical procedure for the correction of primary upper eyelid retraction in thyroid eye disease.


A retrospective review of 52 consecutive cases (in 32 patients) of anterior-approach graded upper lid lowering for the treatment of primary eyelid retraction, carried out at Moorfields Eye Hospital between 2006-2009 was conducted. Measurements of upper margin-reflex distance (MRD), upper lid skin crease height and skin fold height were taken from clinical records and photographs. A comparison between pre-operative and both early and late post-operative measurements was conducted, with a maximal follow-up of 12 months. Surgery was considered successful when all of the following criteria were met; an upper lid margin covering 0.5-1.5 mm of the superior cornea in the 12 o'clock position, smooth eyelid contour, skin crease height within 6-10 mm or upper lid skin fold within 2-5 mm of the lid margin, symmetry of lid position (difference in MRD of < 1 mm between both eyes) and patient satisfaction.


A successful outcome was achieved in 86.5% (45/52) of lids with a single procedure. For the whole group, the mean MRD was 7.0 mm pre-operatively and 3.6 mm at 1 month after surgery. The corresponding values from photographic estimates were 6.5 mm and 3.6 mm, respectively. These values remained stable over the maximum follow-up period of 12 months. Under-correction occurred in 6/52 (11.5%) lids, one of which had persistent lateral flare, whereas over-correction occurred in 1/52 (2%).


The described surgical approach produces reasonably predictable and stable outcome for upper eyelid lowering in patients with thyroid eye disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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