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Climacteric. 2012 Feb;15(1):10-1. doi: 10.3109/13697137.2011.639527. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

HRT misuse and the osteoporosis epidemic.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy.


A new study by Karim and colleagues has highlighted the intriguing issue of the consequences of cessation of long-term postmenopausal hormone use. While potential reductions in breast cancer risk and in the incidence of newly diagnosed breast cancer in the era after the Women's Health Initiative study have been heavily debated, the implications of withdrawal from hormone therapy for bone health and fracture risk have remained outside the main scope. This new study has now demonstrated that there is a very clear downside in skeletal outcome that should be considered while evaluating the pros and cons of discontinuing hormone therapy. During 532 686 person-years of observation and a follow-up period of 6.5 years, a 55% increased risk for hip fracture was observed in women who stopped hormone therapy. In view of the dramatic decline in the number of hormone users all around the world, this mini-review discusses the 'neglected' skeletal outcomes of such global trends.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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