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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2012 Feb 1;367(1):472-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.11.004. Epub 2011 Nov 12.

Contact angles of drops on curved superhydrophobic surfaces.

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Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325, USA.


Superhydrophobic surfaces have contact angles that exceed 150 degrees and are known to reduce surface fouling, protect surfaces, and improve liquid-liquid separations. Electrospun sub-micron fiber mats can perform as superhydrophobic surfaces. Superhydrophobic behavior is typically measured on planar surfaces, whereas applications may require curved surfaces. This paper discuses the measurement of water contact angles of fiber mats formed on cylindrical surfaces to create superhydrophobic behavior on curved surfaces. Equations are derived that relate the radius of curvature of spherical and cylindrical surfaces and drop size to the observed contact angle on the curved surfaces. Calculations from the equations agree well with experimental observations on spherical surfaces reported in literature and on cylindrical surfaces created in our lab.


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