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Annu Rev Food Sci Technol. 2011;2:21-36. doi: 10.1146/annurev-food-022510-133734.

Dairy products in the food chain: their impact on health.

Author information

1
University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AR, United Kingdom. k.e.kliem@reading.ac.uk

Abstract

Milk is a complex and complete food containing an array of essential nutrients that contribute toward a healthy, balanced diet. Numerous epidemiological studies have revealed that high consumption of milk and dairy products may have protective effects against coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, diabetes, certain cancers (such as colorectal and bladder cancers), and dementia, although the mechanisms of action are unclear. Despite this epidemiological evidence, milk fatty acid profiles often lead to a negative perception of milk and dairy products. However, altering the fatty acid profile of milk by changing the dairy cow diet is a successful strategy, and intervention studies have shown that this approach may lead to further benefits of milk/dairy consumption. Overall, evidence suggests individuals who consume a greater amount of milk and dairy products have a slightly better health advantage than those who do not consume milk and dairy products.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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