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N C Med J. 2011 Jul-Aug;72(4):272-6.

Presence of automated external defibrillators in North Carolina public middle schools.

Author information

1
Moses Cone Sports Medicine Center, 1131-C N Church St, Greensboro, NC 27401, USA. bert.fields@mosescone.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) have been used in the school setting to successfully resuscitate students, staff, and visitors. All public high schools in North Carolina have an AED. However, the number of North Carolina public middle schools with an AED is unknown.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of AEDs at public middle schools in North Carolina and to estimate the cost associated with providing an AED to all public middle schools currently without one.

METHODS:

All 547 middle schools in North Carolina's 117 public school systems were surveyed in 2009 via e-mail, fax, and, when necessary, telephone about whether an AED was present on site. For middle schools without AEDs, we estimated the cost of purchase and for 1 year of maintenance.

RESULTS:

A total 66.6% of public middle schools responded to 1 of 3 survey mailings. The remaining schools were contacted by telephone, so that 100% were included in data collection. At the time of the survey, at least 1 AED was present in 334 schools (61.1%). Of the 213 schools without AEDs, 57 (26.8%) were in school systems in which some middle schools had AEDs, and 156 (73.2%) were in systems in which no middle school had an AED. On the basis of a start-up cost of $1,200 per AED, the cost of providing an AED to each school without one is approximately $255,600.

LIMITATIONS:

These data are based on self-report, and we could not verify whether AEDs were functional. Cost estimates do not include charges for ongoing maintenance and staff training.

CONCLUSIONS:

Two hundred and thirteen North Carolina public middle schools (38.9%) do not have an AED on site.

PMID:
22128685
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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