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Diabetes Ther. 2011 Mar;2(1):1-8. doi: 10.1007/s13300-010-0016-2. Epub 2011 Jan 31.

Foot self-care practices among Filipino American women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Nursing, 5 West, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center 5354, 757 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-7404, USA, dnjordan@ucla.edu.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

To determine the foot self-care practices performed by Filipino American (FA) women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

METHOD:

The Summary of Diabetes Self Care Activities - Revised and Expanded measure was administered to 118 FA adult female immigrants with type 2 DM.

RESULTS:

Younger FA women (<65 years), participants with higher education, those who immigrated to the United States (US) at younger ages, and participants diagnosed with type 2 DM at younger ages reported they washed their feet every day during the past week. Moreover, FA women who immigrated to the US at younger ages and participants who were diagnosed with the disease at younger ages reported that they dried their feet (in between toes) daily during the previous week. Further, FA women who were diagnosed with type 2 DM at younger ages were more likely to report that they checked their feet every day during the past week, when compared with participants who were diagnosed with the disease at older ages. Finally, most FA women did not inspect the inside of their shoes.

CONCLUSION:

Foot self-care practices were less frequently performed by older FA women with type 2 DM (≥65 years), making them more prone to the development of foot problems such as ulcers, infections, and disfigurations. Optimum foot self-care practices must be encouraged in older FA women to prevent such foot problems, and subsequent amputations.

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