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Allergy. 2012 Feb;67(2):242-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02754.x. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

Basophil allergen threshold sensitivity, CD-sens, IgE-sensitization and DBPCFC in peanut-sensitized children.

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Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.



Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-sensitization to peanut is common and can indicate an allergy. A positive test needs to be confirmed by a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), which is regarded as 'the gold standard'. The aim of the study was to evaluate the basophil allergen threshold sensitivity (CD-sens) and antibodies to peanut allergen components in relation to DBPCFC in the diagnoses of peanut allergy in children.


Thirty-eight children with suspected peanut allergy underwent a DBPCFC. CD-sens to peanut and Ara h 2 were analysed as well as IgE-antibody to peanut and some of its allergen components (Ara h 1, 2, 3, 8 and 9).


Twenty-five children had a positive DBPCFC, and 92% of these were positive in CD-sens to peanut and Ara h 2. Two children with a positive DBPCFC were classified as 'low-responders' and were not further evaluated. Children positive in DBPCFC had higher CD-sens values to peanut (median 1.3; range 0.4-29, n = 21) compared with children negative in DBPCFC (median 0; range 0-0.5, n = 13) (P < 0.0001). A positive DBPCFC correspond with increased levels of IgE-antibody to Ara h 1, 2 and 3 compared with those with a negative challenge (P < 0.0001 for all). All children with a negative CD-sens were negative in DBPCFC.


In this study, a negative CD-sens to peanut excluded peanut allergy. Both tests, CD-sens to peanut and immunoassay for IgE-antibody to the peanut components, appear to be safe, time saving and cost-effective complements to DBPCFC.

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