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PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e27861. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027861. Epub 2011 Nov 18.

Effects of DPP-4 inhibitors on the heart in a rat model of uremic cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Institute for Pharmacology and Toxicology, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Uremic cardiomyopathy contributes substantially to mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) may improve cardiac function, but is mainly degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4).

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

In a rat model of chronic renal failure, 5/6-nephrectomized [5/6N] rats were treated orally with DPP-4 inhibitors (linagliptin, sitagliptin, alogliptin) or placebo once daily for 4 days from 8 weeks after surgery, to identify the most appropriate treatment for cardiac dysfunction associated with CKD. Linagliptin showed no significant change in blood level AUC(0-∞) in 5/6N rats, but sitagliptin and alogliptin had significantly higher AUC(0-∞) values; 41% and 28% (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0324), respectively. No correlation of markers of renal tubular and glomerular function with AUC was observed for linagliptin, which required no dose adjustment in uremic rats. Linagliptin 7 µmol/kg caused a 2-fold increase in GLP-1 (AUC 201.0 ng/l*h) in 5/6N rats compared with sham-treated rats (AUC 108.6 ng/l*h) (p = 0.01). The mRNA levels of heart tissue fibrosis markers were all significantly increased in 5/6N vs control rats and reduced/normalized by linagliptin.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

DPP-4 inhibition increases plasma GLP-1 levels, particularly in uremia, and reduces expression of cardiac mRNA levels of matrix proteins and B-type natriuretic peptides (BNP). Linagliptin may offer a unique approach for treating uremic cardiomyopathy in CKD patients, with no need for dose-adjustment.

PMID:
22125632
PMCID:
PMC3220703
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0027861
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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