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ScientificWorldJournal. 2011;11:1877-85. doi: 10.1100/2011/768350. Epub 2011 Oct 24.

Activation of neutrophils by nanoparticles.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Recherche en Inflammation et Physiologie des Granulocytes, INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Université du Québec, Laval, QC, Canada H7V 1B7.

Abstract

The use of nanoparticles (NPs) has increased in the past few years in various fields, including defence, aerospace, electronics, biology, medicine, and so forth. and in applications such as diagnostic technology, bioimaging, and drug/gene delivery. Thus, human exposure to NPs and nanomaterials is unavoidable and will certainly expand in the future resulting in a growing interest in nanotoxicology, the study of toxicity of nanomaterials. A number of studies have reported the effects of NPs in respect to pulmonary inflammation by investigating in vitro activation of pulmonary cells with NPs and in vivo in a variety of models in which neutrophils appear to be the predominant leukocyte cell type in lungs and in bronchoalveolar lavages following inhalation or intratracheal instillation of NPs. Despite the fact that several studies have reported an increased number of neutrophils, the literature dealing with the direct activation of neutrophils by a given NP is poorly documented. This paper will summarize the current literature in this latter area of research and will end with a perspective view in which our laboratory will be involved in the following years.

KEYWORDS:

inflammation; nanoparticles; nanotoxicology; neutrophils

PMID:
22125444
PMCID:
PMC3217611
DOI:
10.1100/2011/768350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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