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Clin Immunol. 2012 Feb;142(2):194-200. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2011.10.006. Epub 2011 Nov 4.

Activated iNKT cells promote Vγ9Vδ2-T cell anti-tumor effector functions through the production of TNF-α.

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Department of Medical Oncology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Vγ9Vδ2-T cells constitute a proinflammatory lymphocyte subpopulation with established antitumor activity. Phosphoantigens activate Vγ9Vδ2-T cells in vivo and in vitro. We studied whether the antitumor activity of Vγ9Vδ2-T cells can be potentiated by invariant NKT cells (iNKT), an important immunoregulatory T cell subset. When activated by the glycolipid α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer), iNKT produce large amounts of cytokines involved in antitumor immune responses. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells were loaded with both phosphoantigens (using aminobisphosphonates) and α-GalCer during maturation and subsequently co-cultured with Vγ9Vδ2-T and iNKT cells. Aminobisphosphonates dose-dependently enhanced Vγ9Vδ2-T cell activation, and this was potentiated by α-GalCer-induced iNKT co-activation. iNKT co-activation also enhanced the IFN-γ production and cytolytic potential of Vγ9Vδ2-T cells against tumor cells. Using transwell experiments and neutralizing antibodies cross-talk between iNKT and Vγ9Vδ2-T cells was found to be mediated by TNF-α. Our data provide a rationale for combining both activating ligands to improve Vγ9Vδ2-T cell based approaches in cancer-immunotherapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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