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Epigenomics. 2011 Jun;3(3):267-77. doi: 10.2217/epi.11.22.

Epigenetics and lifestyle.

Author information

1
Departamento de Toxicologia Ambiental, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

Abstract

The concept of 'lifestyle' includes different factors such as nutrition, behavior, stress, physical activity, working habits, smoking and alcohol consumption. Increasing evidence shows that environmental and lifestyle factors may influence epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, histone acetylation and miRNA expression. It has been identified that several lifestyle factors such as diet, obesity, physical activity, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, environmental pollutants, psychological stress and working on night shifts might modify epigenetic patterns. Most of the studies conducted so far have been centered on DNA methylation, whereas only a few investigations have studied lifestyle factors in relation to histone modifications and miRNAs. This article reviews current evidence indicating that lifestyle factors might affect human health via epigenetic mechanisms.

PMID:
22122337
PMCID:
PMC3752894
DOI:
10.2217/epi.11.22
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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