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J Physiol Biochem. 2012 Jun;68(2):181-91. doi: 10.1007/s13105-011-0130-2. Epub 2011 Nov 26.

Cinnamtannin B-1, a natural antioxidant that reduces the effects of H(2)O(2) on CCK-8-evoked responses in mouse pancreatic acinar cells.

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1
Department of Physiology (Cell Physiology Research Group), University of Extremadura, Caceres, Spain. agmateos@unex.es

Abstract

This work was designed in order to gain an insight on the mechanisms by which antioxidants prevent pancreatic disorders. We have examined the properties of cinnamtannin B-1, which belongs to the class of polyphenols, against the effect of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in mouse pancreatic acinar cells. We have studied Ca(2+) mobilization, oxidative state, amylase secretion, and cell viability of cells treated with cinnamtannin B-1 in the presence of various concentrations of H(2)O(2). We found that H(2)O(2) (0.1-100 μM) increased CM-H(2)DCFDA-derived fluorescence, reflecting an increase in oxidation. Cinnamtannin B-1 (10 μM) reduced H(2)O(2)-induced oxidation of CM-H(2)DCFDA. CCK-8 induced oxidation of CM-H(2)DCFDA in a similar way to low micromolar concentrations of H(2)O(2), and cinnamtannin B-1 reduced the oxidant effect of CCK-8. In addition, H(2)O(2) induced a slow and progressive increase in intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)). Cinnamtannin B-1 reduced the effect of H(2)O(2) on [Ca(2+)](c), but only at the lower concentrations of the oxidant. H(2)O(2) inhibited amylase secretion in response to cholecystokinin, and cinnamtannin B-1 reduced the inhibitory action of H(2)O(2) on enzyme secretion. Finally, H(2)O(2) reduced cell viability, and the antioxidant protected acinar cells against H(2)O(2). In conclusion, the beneficial effects of cinnamtannin B-1 appear to be mediated by reducing the intracellular Ca(2+) overload and intracellular accumulation of digestive enzymes evoked by ROS, which is a common pathological precursor that mediates pancreatitis. Our results support the beneficial effect of natural antioxidants in the therapy against oxidative stress-derived deleterious effects on cellular physiology.

PMID:
22120978
DOI:
10.1007/s13105-011-0130-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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