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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012 Jan 1;22(1):543-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.10.093. Epub 2011 Nov 4.

OFF-to-ON type fluorescent probe for the detection of 8-oxo-dG in DNA by the Adap-masked ODN probe.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


We have recently reported that Adap (adenosine-1,3-diazaphenoxazine) is an artificial nucleoside analogue for the specific recognition by multiple hydrogen bonding and that its fluorescence is selectively quenched with 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) in DNA. We now report the development of a new OFF-to-ON type FRET probe, in which one strand contains Adap and another contains natural nucleotides for the formation of a less stable double strand. Each strand was labeled with Cy3 or BHQ2 at the 5'-end or 3'-end, respectively. It was expected in this system that fluorescence of the duplex probe is first quenched by FRET, but the target DNA strand containing 8-oxo-dG at the complementary site of Adap would enhance the displacement reaction of the less stable duplex probe that results in the fluorescence recovery. The results showed that the duplex probe containing the Adap-T base pair exhibited a complete discrimination between 8-oxo-dG and dG in DNA by fluorescence enhancement.

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