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ACS Nano. 2012 Jan 24;6(1):276-85. doi: 10.1021/nn2035457. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Tailoring of biomimetic high-density lipoprotein nanostructures changes cholesterol binding and efflux.

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Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA.


Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) were employed as templates to synthesize spherical, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) biomimics (HDL Au NPs) of different sizes and surface chemistries. The effect of size and surface chemistry on the cholesterol binding properties and the ability of the HDL Au NPs to efflux cholesterol from macrophage cells were measured. Results demonstrate that Au NPs may be utilized as templates to generate nanostructures with different physical characteristics that mimic natural HDL. Furthermore, the properties of the HDL Au NPs may be tailored to modulate the ability to bind cholesterol in solution and efflux cholesterol from macrophages. From the conjugates tested, the optimum size and surface chemistry for preparing functional Au NP-templated HDL biomimics were identified.

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