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Eur J Public Health. 2012 Oct;22(5):707-12. Epub 2011 Nov 23.

Exposure to secondhand smoke in Italian non-smokers 5 years after the Italian smoking ban.

Author information

1
Tobacco Control Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona, 08908 Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

No data on secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure are available on a national level in Italy. To assess the prevalence of exposure to SHS in indoor public places, home and cars in non-smoking Italian population, we conducted a survey 5 years after the national smoking ban.

METHODS:

In 2010, we conducted a survey on a representative sample of the Italian population aged≥15 years. Analyses were conducted on 2365 non-smokers. Current (during the previous week) self-reported exposure to SHS was assessed in public places, at home and in private cars.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of SHS exposure in any setting (excluding workplaces) was 31.2%. SHS exposure was 10.2% in public places, 15.6% at home and 17.9% in cars. The corresponding estimates among the young (15-24 years) were 54.2% in any setting, 21.4% in public places, 27.1% at home and 32.9% in cars. By multivariate analysis, males, the young, subjects from southern Italy and former smokers were more frequently exposed in any setting.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Italian smoking ban substantially decreased SHS exposure. However, specific subpopulations, including the young, are still frequently exposed both in public and private places. We observed a relatively high SHS exposure in private vehicles. Thus, further control to improve compliance with the smoking ban and an extension of the smoke-free legislation to motor vehicles are needed.

PMID:
22117054
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/ckr156
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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