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Inflamm Res. 2012 Feb;61(2):113-26. doi: 10.1007/s00011-011-0395-5. Epub 2011 Nov 25.

Scavenger receptors and β-glucan receptors participate in the recognition of yeasts by murine macrophages.

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Department of Immunology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 18 Czysta Street, 31-121, Kraków, Poland.



Numerous receptors have been implicated in recognition of pathogenic fungi by macrophages, including the β-glucan receptor dectin-1. The role of scavenger receptors (SRs) in anti-fungal immunity is not well characterized.


We studied uptake of unopsonized Saccharomycetes cerevisiae (zymosan) and live Candida albicans yeasts as well as zymosan-stimulated H(2)O(2) production in J774 macrophage-like cells and peritoneal exudate macrophages (PEMs). The role of different receptors was assessed with the use of competitive ligands, transfected cells and receptor-deficient macrophages.


The uptake of zymosan by untreated J774 cells was mediated approximately half by SRs and half by a β-glucan receptor which was distinct from dectin-1 and not linked to stimulation of H(2)O(2) production. Ligands of β-glucan receptors and of SRs also inhibited uptake of C. albicans by macrophages (J774 cells and PEMs). In macrophages pretreated with a CpG motif-containing oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) the relative contribution of SRs to yeast uptake increased and that of β-glucan receptors decreased. Whereas the class A SR MARCO participated in the uptake of both zymosan and C. albicans by CpG-ODN-pretreated, but not untreated macrophages, the related receptor SR-A/CD204 was involved in the uptake of zymosan, but not of C. albicans. The reduction of zymosan-stimulated H(2)O(2) production observed in DS-pretreated J774 cells and in class A SRs-deficient PEMs suggest that class A SRs mediate part of this process.


Our results revealed that SRs belong to a redundant system of receptors for yeasts. Binding of yeasts to different receptors in resting versus CpG-ODN-pre-exposed macrophages may differentially affect polarization of adaptive immune responses.

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