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J Biol Chem. 1990 Oct 5;265(28):17141-9.

Binding of dolastatin 10 to tubulin at a distinct site for peptide antimitotic agents near the exchangeable nucleotide and vinca alkaloid sites.

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Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Dolastatin 10, a potent antimitotic peptide from a marine animal, strongly inhibits microtubule assembly, tubulin-dependent GTP hydrolysis, and the binding of vinca alkaloids to tubulin. In studies of the binding of [3H]vincristine to the protein, with vinblastine as a control for competitive inhibition (Ki, 6.6 microM), we found that the macrolide antimitotic agents maytansine and rhizoxin were also competitive inhibitors (Ki values, 3.1 and 12 microM). Dolastatin 10 and an unrelated peptide antimitotic, phomopsin A, were more potent but noncompetitive inhibitors (Ki values, 1.4 and 2.8 microM). Since maytansine and, to a much lesser extent, vinblastine interfere with nucleotide exchange on tubulin, all drugs were examined for effects on nucleotide interactions at the exchangeable GTP site. Rhizoxin had effects intermediate between those of vinblastine and maytansine. Both peptides inhibited binding of radiolabeled GTP to tubulin even more strongly than did maytansine, but no drug displaced nucleotide from tubulin. The drugs were evaluated for stabilizing effects on the colchicine binding activity of tubulin. The peptides prevented loss of this activity, and vinblastine provided partial protection, while rhizoxin and maytansine did not stabilize tubulin. A tripeptide segment of dolastatin 10 also effectively inhibits tubulin polymerization and GTP hydrolysis. The tripeptide did not significantly inhibit either vincristine binding or nucleotide exchange, nor did it stabilize colchicine binding. These findings are rationalized in terms of a model with two distinct drug binding sites in close physical proximity to each other and to the exchangeable GTP site on beta-tubulin.

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