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Opt Express. 2011 Nov 21;19(24):23889-900. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.023889.

Effect of symmetry breaking on localized and delocalized surface plasmons in monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic truncated nanoshells.

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1
Department of Physics, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructure, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China.

Abstract

We numerically study the effect of the symmetry breaking on surface plasmon (SP) modes in two-dimensional dense arrays of truncated metal nanoshells (nanocups), by investigating light transmission through the arrays. We show that localized spherelike and voidlike Mie SP modes, and delocalized Bragg-type SP modes in complete nanoshell arrays become progressively weak and finally disappear when the opening angle of nanocups is increased to tens of degrees. Under higher degree of symmetry breaking, however, the coupling between spherelike and voidlike SP modes leads to an enhancement of SP resonances even though these modes are weakly excited, due to the large optical cross section of voidlike modes. Energy variations of the hybridized mode versus the opening angle are well predicted using a plasmon standing wave model. Furthermore, disappeared Bragg-type SP modes could be re as a result of near-field coupling via hot spots around the rims of nanocups.

PMID:
22109413
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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