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Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2012 Apr;38(4):466-76. doi: 10.1177/0146167211429449. Epub 2011 Nov 22.

Pride and prejudice: how feelings about the self influence judgments of others.

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VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The present research demonstrates that pride has divergent effects on prejudice, exacerbating or attenuating evaluative biases against stigmatized groups, depending on the form of pride experienced. Specifically, three experiments found that hubristic pride--associated with arrogance and self-aggrandizement--promotes prejudice and discrimination, whereas authentic pride--associated with self-confidence and accomplishment--promotes more positive attitudes toward outgroups and stigmatized individuals. Findings generalized to discriminatory judgments (Experiment 2) and were found to be mediated by empathic concern for the evaluative target. Together, these experiments suggest that pride may be a cause of everyday prejudice and discrimination but that these social consequences depend on whether hubristic or authentic pride is experienced, and the degree to which empathic concern is subsequently aroused.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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