Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Cancer. 1990 Oct 15;46(4):569-75.

Influence of cigarette smoking on the levels of DNA adducts in human bronchial epithelium and white blood cells.

Author information

Chester Beatty Laboratories, Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK.


The presence of carcinogen-DNA adducts in human tissues is evidence of exposure to carcinogens and may be an indicator of cancer risk. DNA was isolated from non-tumorous bronchial tissue of 37 cigarette smokers, 8 former smokers and 8 non-smokers and analyzed for the presence of aromatic and/or hydrophobic DNA adducts in the 32P-post-labelling assay. Adducts were detected as bands of radioactive material when 5'-32P-labelled deoxyribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphates were chromatographed on polyethyleneimine-cellulose tlc plates, and the patterns indicated the formation of adducts by a large number of compounds. Adduct levels detected in DNA from non-smokers, former smokers and current smokers were 3.45 +/- 1.62, 3.93 +/- 1.92 and 5.53 +/- 2.13 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, respectively. The differences in adduct levels between smokers and former and non-smokers were statistically significant (p less than 0.01); and among the smokers, significant correlations were found between adduct levels and both daily cigarette consumption and total cigarette consumption (daily consumption X number of years smoked). DNA was also isolated from the peripheral-blood leukocytes of 31 heavy smokers (greater than 20 cigarettes/day) and 20 non-smokers and analyzed by 32P-post-labelling. Adduct levels in the smokers' samples were not significantly different from levels in the non-smokers' samples (2.53 +/- 1.31 and 2.12 +/- 1.44 adducts/10(8) nucleotides, respectively). Thus, evidence for carcinogen exposure was found in human bronchial epithelium, a target tissue for tobacco-induced tumour formation, but not in peripheral-blood cells, indicating possible limitations in the use of the latter as a surrogate, non-target tissue source of DNA for monitoring human exposure to inhaled carcinogens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center