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J Strength Cond Res. 2012 Sep;26(9):2570-6. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823db1cf.

Effects of a combined resistance-plyometric training program on muscular strength, running economy, and Vo2peak in division I female soccer players.

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Department of Human Movement Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA.


Resistance and plyometric training programs have demonstrated consistent improvements in running economy (RE) in trained and untrained adults in the absence of improvements in maximal oxygen consumption. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 10-week combined resistance-plyometric training program on the RE and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max in female soccer players. Fifteen Division 1A female soccer players (age 19.0 ± 0.7 years; height 1.67 ± 0.1 m; weight 61.7 ± 8.1 kg) performed a treadmill test for V[Combining Dot Above]O2max and RE at the end of a competitive season (PRE) and after a 10-week training program (POST). Isometric strength was measured in knee flexion and extension. Resistance training was conducted 2 d·wk on nonconsecutive days; plyometric training was conducted separately on different nonconsecutive days. Eleven subjects were included in the PRE-POST analysis (age 19.0 ± 0.8 years; height 1.67 ± 0.5 m; weight 59.9 ± 6.7 kg). Descriptive statistics were compared using analysis of variance with repeated measures with a Bonferroni adjustment, and significance was set at p < 0.05. A significant increase occurred after training in the V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak (10.5%; p = 0.008), time to fatigue (6.9%; p = 0.017), and interpolated maximal speed (3.6%; p = 0.016), despite there being a decrease in the maximal respiratory exchange ratio (2.9%; p = 0.001). There was no significant change in the RE at 9 km·h; however, there was a significant decrease in the percentage of the V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak at 9 km·h (-5.6%; p = 0.02). Maximal isometric strength of knee flexors and extensors did not change. The results suggest a plyometric-agility training program may increase the V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak in female soccer players; however, the effect on RE was equivocal.

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