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Plant Signal Behav. 2011 Dec;6(12):1918-20.

The phosphorylation state of chloroplast transit peptides regulates preprotein import.

Author information

1
Department of Biology I, Botany, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.

Abstract

Import of nuclear encoded proteins into chloroplast is an essential and well-regulated mechanism. The cytosolic kinases STY8, STY17 and STY46 have been shown to phosphorylate chloroplast preprotein transit peptides advantaging the binding of a 14-3-3 dimer. Analyses of sty8 sty17 sty46 mutant plants revealed a role for the kinases in chloroplast differentiation, possibly due to lack of transit peptide phosphorylation. Moreover we could show that not only phosphorylation but also transit peptide dephosphorylation appears to be required for the fine regulation of the back-transport of nuclear encoded proteins to the chloroplast.

PMID:
22105029
PMCID:
PMC3337178
DOI:
10.4161/psb.6.12.18127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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