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J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Dec;53(12):1364-71. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182363bda.

Effects of psychosocial work factors on lifestyle changes: a cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. ntq467@alumni.ku.dk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of the demand-control-support model, the effort-reward imbalance model, and emotional demands on smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and body mass index.

METHODS:

This is a 2-year prospective cohort study of 3224 public sector employees. Measures were assessed with questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were used to predict changes in lifestyle factors.

RESULTS:

Low reward predicted smoking, low-decision latitude predicted being inactive, and high demands predicted high-alcohol consumption but only for men at follow-up even after controlling for potential confounders. There were no other significant findings in the expected direction except for some of the confounders.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found only limited and inconsistent support for the hypothesis that a poor psychosocial work environment is associated with an adverse lifestyle.

PMID:
22104976
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182363bda
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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