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J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Jan 6;139(1):164-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.10.033. Epub 2011 Nov 9.

Antidepressant-like effects of an alkaloid extract of the aerial parts of Annona cherimolia in mice.

Author information

1
Instituto de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, México, D.F. 04510, Mexico.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Several species of Annona (Annonaceae) are used in traditional Mexican medicine by their anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant and tranquilizing properties. It has been reported that the alkaloids isolated from some species of the Annona have affinity to serotonergic 5-HT(1A) receptors and modulate dopaminergic transmission, which is involved in depressive disorders.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

To investigate the antidepressant-like effect of an alkaloid extract from the aerial parts of Annona cherimola (TA) in mice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The antidepressant-like effect was evaluated in the forced swimming test. To elucidate a possible mechanism of action, experiments of synergism with antidepressant drugs, such as imipramine (IMI), clomipramine (CLIMI), and fluoxetine (FLX), were carried out. The neurotransmitter content (DA: dopamine, 5HT: serotonin and its metabolites, HVA: homovanillic acid and 5HIAA: 5-hydroxyindoleacetic) in the whole brain of mice were also determined by HPLC method. TA chemical composition was determined using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry.

RESULTS:

The results showed that repeated treatment with TA produced antidepressant-like effects in mice. This effect was not related to an increase in locomotor activity. Administration of TA facilitated the antidepressant effect of IMI and CLIMI as well as increased the turnover of DA and 5-HT. The alkaloids: 1,2-dimethoxy-5,6,6a,7-tetrahydro-4H-dibenzoquinoline-3,8,9,10-tetraol, anonaine, liriodenine, and nornuciferine were the main constituents of TA.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results showed that TA produces an antidepressant-like action from a generalized increase in monominergic turnover, supporting the use in tradicional medicine of Annona cherimolia, and strongly suggest its therapeutic potency as an antidepressant agent.

PMID:
22101086
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2011.10.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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