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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011 Nov;115 Suppl 1:S11-5. doi: 10.1016/S0020-7292(11)60005-2.

Anemia and pregnancy: a link to maternal chronic diseases.

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Barnet General Hospital, Enfield, UK.


Anemia is a global public health problem. It has serious short- and long-term consequences during pregnancy and beyond. The anemic condition is often worsened by the presence of other chronic diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and diabetes. Untreated anemia also leads to increased morbidity and mortality from these chronic conditions as well. It is surprising that despite these chronic conditions (such as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV) often being preventable, they still pose a real threat to public health. This article aims to review the current understanding of the pathophysiology, risks, prevention, and treatment of anemia in the light of these chronic conditions.

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