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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2011 Nov;4(8):1873-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2011.06.004. Epub 2011 Jun 15.

Wear resistance of experimental titanium alloys for dental applications.

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1
Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Av. do Café, s/n, 14040-904-Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil.

Abstract

The present study evaluated microstructure, microhardness and wear resistance of experimental titanium alloys containing zirconium and tantalum. Alloys were melted in arc melting furnace according to the following compositions: Ti-5Zr, Ti-5Ta and Ti-5Ta-5Zr (%wt). Hemispheres and disks were obtained from wax patterns that were invested and cast by plasma. Microstructures were evaluated using optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and also Vickers microhardness was measured. Hemispherical samples and disks were used for 2-body wear tests, performed by repeated grinding of the samples. Wear resistance was assessed as height loss after 40,000 cycles. The data were compared using ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test. Ti-5Zr presented a Widmanstätten structure and the identified phases were α and α' while Ti-5Ta and Ti-5Ta-5Zr presented α, β, α' and α" phases, but the former presented a lamellar structure, and the other, acicular. The microhardness of Ti-5Zr was significantly greater than other materials and cp Ti presented wear resistance significantly lower than experimental alloys. It was concluded that wear resistance was improved when adding Ta and Zr to titanium and Zr increased microhardness of Ti-5Zr alloy.

PMID:
22098886
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmbbm.2011.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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