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Colorectal Dis. 2011 Nov;13 Suppl 7:8-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2011.02770.x.

Optimizing patient outcomes in laparoscopic surgery.

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Minimal Access Therapy Training Unit, Guildford, UK.


There is increasing recognition that the entire peri-operative care delivered plays a vital role in determining patient's outcome. Optimisation of this care helps to prevent complications beyond immediate morbidity and mortality. Of the 20 factors described in Enhanced Recovery Programmes, some have a greater impact than others, with analgesia and fluid therapy being two of the main factors. 1 Analgesia - The main analgesic regimes used so far for laparoscopic colorectal surgery have been continuous thoracic epidural and patient controlled analgesia. There is a growing body of opinion that epidural analgesia may not be required for laparoscopic surgery. 2 Individualised goal directed therapy - It is now recognized that measuring flow rather than pressure within the cardiovascular system is more important. Fluid therapy impacts on the outcome by minimizing fluid shifts, optimizing stroke volume and restricting the salt load given whilst maintaining normovolaemia. Analgesia and fluid therapy, together with the remaining enhanced recovery criteria have led to the development of the trimodal approach.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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