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Exp Cell Res. 1990 Oct;190(2):185-94.

Induction of nuclear lamins A/C in macrophages in in vitro cultures of rat bone marrow precursor cells and human blood monocytes, and in macrophages elicited in vivo by thioglycollate stimulation.

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Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany.


Hemopoietic cells from blood and bone marrow of mammals usually do not express lamins A/C but only lamin B, and this feature distinguishes these cells from the vast majority of somatic cells of the adult animal, which reveal lamins A/C as well as lamin B. Here we have cultivated rat bone marrow precursor cells and human monocytes isolated from peripheral blood in tissue culture supplemented with certain growth factors. These conditions allow bone marrow precursor cells and monocytes to differentiate almost quantitatively into accessory cells and/or mature macrophages. The different cell types in the cultures can be identified both morphologically and by other assays. Antibodies specific for mouse A/C lamins, human A/C lamins, or B lamins have been used to define the lamin complement as a function of time in culture and of cell type. A dramatic increase in lamin A/C-positive cells was observed in the first 3 days of culture with both accessory cells and macrophages expressing lamins A/C as soon as such cell types could be identified. Parallel in vivo experiments showed that treatment with thioglycollate caused the percentage of lamin A/C-positive peritoneal macrophages to increase from 5 to 80% between Days 0 and 6.

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