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HIV AIDS (Auckl). 2010;2:27-37. Epub 2010 Feb 18.

Is it safe? Talking to teens with HIV/AIDS about death and dying: a 3-month evaluation of Family Centered Advance Care (FACE) planning - anxiety, depression, quality of life.

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1
Children's National Medical Center and George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the safety of engaging HIV-positive (HIV+) adolescents in a Family Centered Advance Care (FACE) planning intervention.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We conducted a 2-armed, randomized controlled clinical trial in 2 hospital-based outpatient clinics from 2006-2008 with HIV+ adolescents and their surrogates (n = 76). Three 60-90 minutes sessions were conducted weekly. FACE intervention groups received: Lyon FCACP Survey(©), the Respecting Choices(®) interview, and completion of The Five Wishes(©). The Healthy Living Control (HLC) received: Developmental History, Healthy Tips, Future Planning (vocational, school or vocational rehabilitation). Three-month post-intervention outcomes were: completion of advance directive (Five Wishes(©)); psychological adjustment (Beck Depression, Anxiety Inventories); quality of life (PedsQL(™)); and HIV symptoms (General Health Self-Assessment).

RESULTS:

Adolescents had a mean age, 16 years; 40% male; 92% African-American; 68% with perinatally acquired HIV, 29% had AIDS diagnosis. FACE participants completed advance directives more than controls, using time matched comparison (P < 0.001). Neither anxiety, nor depression, increased at clinically or statistically significant levels post-intervention. FACE adolescents maintained quality of life. FACE families perceived their adolescents as worsening in their school (P = 0.018) and emotional (P = 0.029) quality of life at 3 months, compared with controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Participating in advance care planning did not unduly distress HIV+ adolescents.

KEYWORDS:

HIV/AIDS; adolescents; advance care planning; communication; decision-making; family intervention

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