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Bioeng Bugs. 2012 Mar-Apr;3(2):73-9. doi: 10.4161/bbug.18540. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Probiogenomics as a tool to obtain genetic insights into adaptation of probiotic bacteria to the human gut.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Probiogenomics, Department of Genetics, Biology of Microorganisms, Anthropology and Evolution, University of Parma, Parma, Italy. marco.ventura@unipr.it

Abstract

Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli are widely exploited as health-promoting bacteria in many functional foods. However, the molecular mechanisms as to how these bacteria positively impact on host health are far from completely understood. For this reason these microorganisms represent a growing area of interest with respect to their genomics, molecular biology and genetics. Recent genome sequencing of a large number of strains of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli has allowed access to the complete genetic makeup of representative members of these bacteria. Here, we will discuss how the analysis of genomic data has helped us to understand the mechanisms by which these bacteria adapt to the specific environment of the gastrointestinal tract, while also revealing genetic functions that mediate specific host-microbe interactions.

PMID:
22095053
PMCID:
PMC3357336
DOI:
10.4161/bbug.18540
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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