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Bioeng Bugs. 2012 Mar-Apr;3(2):86-92. doi: 10.4161/bbug.18621. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Bacterial delivery of large intact genomic-DNA-containing BACs into mammalian cells.

Author information

1
Division of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Abstract

Efficient delivery of large intact vectors into mammalian cells remains problematical. Here we evaluate delivery by bacterial invasion of two large BACs of more than 150 kb in size into various cells. First, we determined the effect of several drugs on bacterial delivery of a small plasmid into different cell lines. Most drugs tested resulted in a marginal increase of the overall efficiency of delivery in only some cell lines, except the lysosomotropic drug chloroquine, which was found to increase the efficiency of delivery by 6-fold in B16F10 cells. Bacterial invasion was found to be significantly advantageous compared with lipofection in delivering large intact BACs into mouse cells, resulting in 100% of clones containing intact DNA. Furthermore, evaluation of expression of the human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene from its genomic locus, which was present in one of the BACs, showed that single copy integrations of the HPRT-containing BAC had occurred in mouse B16F10 cells and that expression of HPRT from each human copy was 0.33 times as much as from each endogenous mouse copy. These data provide new evidence that bacterial delivery is a convenient and efficient method to transfer large intact therapeutic genes into mammalian cells.

PMID:
22095052
PMCID:
PMC3357338
DOI:
10.4161/bbug.18621
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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