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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Feb;31(2):202-4. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31823d52eb.

Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor encephalitis mimics viral encephalitis.

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1
Department of Graduate Medical Education, Children's Hospital & Research Center, Oakland, Oakland, CA, USA.

Abstract

We describe the clinical courses of 3 children with a psychochoreiform encephalitis associated with anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor autoantibodies. These cases, including the most severely medically complicated survivor to date, illustrate the challenges of diagnosis, supportive care, and immune-modulating therapy. Clinical and laboratory features are similar to those of viral encephalitis, and the condition is often reversible with appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

PMID:
22094630
DOI:
10.1097/INF.0b013e31823d52eb
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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