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Health Serv Res. 2012 Feb;47(1 Pt 2):462-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01308.x. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

Nonfinancial barriers and access to care for U.S. adults.

Author information

1
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify prevalences and predictors of nonfinancial barriers that lead to unmet need or delayed care among U.S. adults.

DATA SOURCE:

2007 Health Tracking Household Survey.

STUDY DESIGN:

Reasons for unmet need or delayed care in the previous 12 months were assigned to one of five dimensions in the Penchansky and Thomas model of access to care. Prevalences of barriers in each nonfinancial dimension were estimated for all adults and for adults with affordability barriers. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between individual, household, and insurance characteristics and barriers in each access dimension.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Eighteen percent of U.S. adults experienced affordability barriers and 21 percent experienced nonfinancial barriers that led to unmet need or delayed care. Two-thirds of adults with affordability barriers also reported nonfinancial barriers. Young adults, women, individuals with lower incomes, parents, and persons with at least one chronic illness had higher adjusted prevalences of nonfinancial barriers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nonfinancial barriers are common reasons for unmet need or delayed care among U.S. adults and frequently coincide with affordability barriers. Failure to address nonfinancial barriers may limit the impact of policies that seek to expand access by improving the affordability of health care.

PMID:
22092449
PMCID:
PMC3393009
DOI:
10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01308.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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