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Public Health Nurs. 2011 Sep-Oct;28(5):429-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2011.00941.x. Epub 2011 May 9.

Effects of visiting nurses' individually tailored education for low-income adult diabetic patients in Korea.

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1
College of Nursing, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the effects of individually tailored education by visiting nurses for low-income adult diabetic patients.

DESIGN AND SAMPLE:

This one-group pretest-posttest study included 96 newly registered low-income adult diabetic patients in a public health center in DJ-gu (similar to a county in the United States) in 2006; the patients met the selection criteria.

MEASURES:

Diabetes knowledge, self-management, and blood glucose levels were compared before and after education.

INTERVENTION:

15 visiting nurses delivered individually tailored education for 60-90 min/month for 7 months.

RESULTS:

After education, diabetes knowledge (p<.001) and self-management in all categories of lifestyle (p<.001), diet (p<.001), exercise (p<.001), foot care (p<.001), medication (p=.004), and insulin therapy (p=.022) significantly improved. The mean fasting blood glucose (FBG) level decreased by 14.53 mg/dl; this decrease was insignificant (p=.117). However, the relationship between education and FBG levels was significant (χ(2)=40.11, p=.005).

CONCLUSIONS:

Tailored education effectively improved the patients' knowledge of diabetes and self-management. Therefore, regular, individually tailored education on a long-term basis by visiting nurses can provide essential education to low-income adult diabetic patients for maintaining self-management.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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