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Pharmacogenomics. 2012 Jan;13(1):31-41. doi: 10.2217/pgs.11.122. Epub 2011 Nov 17.

Accuracy of various human NAT2 SNP genotyping panels to infer rapid, intermediate and slow acetylator phenotypes.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, University of Louisville Health Sciences Center, Louisville, KY 40202-1617, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

Humans exhibit genetic polymorphism in NAT2 resulting in rapid, intermediate and slow acetylator phenotypes. Over 65 NAT2 variants possessing one or more SNPs in the 870-bp NAT2 coding region have been reported. The seven most frequent SNPs are rs1801279 (191G>A), rs1041983 (282C>T), rs1801280 (341T>C), rs1799929 (481C>T), rs1799930 (590G>A), rs1208 (803A>G) and rs1799931 (857G>A). The majority of studies investigate the NAT2 genotype assay for three SNPs: 481C>T, 590G>A and 857G>A. A tag-SNP (rs1495741) recently identified in a genome-wide association study has also been proposed as a biomarker for the NAT2 phenotype.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

Sulfamethazine N-acetyltransferase catalytic activities were measured in cryopreserved human hepatocytes from a convenience sample of individuals in the USA with an ethnic frequency similar to the 2010 US population census. These activities were segregated by the tag-SNP rs1495741 and each of the seven SNPs described above. We assessed the accuracy of the tag-SNP and various two-, three-, four- and seven-SNP genotyping panels for their ability to accurately infer NAT2 phenotype.

RESULTS:

The accuracy of the various NAT2 SNP genotype panels to infer NAT2 phenotype were as follows: seven-SNP: 98.4%; tag-SNP: 77.7%; two-SNP: 96.1%; three-SNP: 92.2%; and four-SNP: 98.4%.

CONCLUSION:

A NAT2 four-SNP genotype panel of rs1801279 (191G>A), rs1801280 (341T>C), rs1799930 (590G>A) and rs1799931 (857G>A) infers NAT2 acetylator phenotype with high accuracy, and is recommended over the tag-, two-, three- and (for economy of scale) the seven-SNP genotyping panels, particularly in populations of non-European ancestry.

PMID:
22092036
PMCID:
PMC3285565
DOI:
10.2217/pgs.11.122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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