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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Oct;59(10):1837-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03614.x. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

The feasibility of inpatient geriatric assessment for older adults receiving induction chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia.

Author information

1
Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA. hklepin@wfubmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To test the feasibility and utility of a bedside geriatric assessment (GA) to detect impairment in multiple geriatric domains in older adults initiating chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).

DESIGN:

Prospective observational cohort study.

SETTING:

Single academic institution.

PARTICIPANTS:

Individuals aged 60 and older with newly diagnosed AML and planned chemotherapy.

MEASUREMENTS:

Bedside GA was performed during inpatient exmination for AML. GA measures included the modified Mini-Mental State Examination; Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; Distress Thermometer, Pepper Assessment Tool for Disability (includes self- reported activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and mobility questions); Short Physical Performance Battery (includes timed 4-m walk, chair stands, standing balance); grip strength, and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Comorbidity Index.

RESULTS:

Of 54 participants (mean age 70.8 ± 6.4) eligible for this analysis, 92.6% completed the entire GA battery (mean time 44.0 ± 14 minutes). The following impairments were detected: cognitive impairment, 31.5%; depression, 38.9%; distress, 53.7%; impairment in ADLs, 48.2%; impaired physical performance, 53.7%; and comorbidity, 46.3%. Most were impaired in one (92.6%) or more (63%) functional domains. For the 38 participants rated as having good performance status according to standard oncologic assessment (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Performance Scale score ≤1), impairments in individual GA measures ranged from 23.7% to 50%. Significant variability in cognitive, emotional, and physical status was detected even after stratification according to tumor biology (cytogenetic risk group classification).

CONCLUSION:

Inpatient GA was feasible and added new information to standard oncology assessment, which may be important for stratifying therapeutic risk in older adults with AML.

PMID:
22091497
PMCID:
PMC3782375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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