Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2011 Oct;4(4):461-4. doi: 10.4103/0974-2700.86629.

Diagnostic accuracy of preoperative clinical examination in upper limb injuries.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Injuries in hands and forearms may cause significant discomfort and disability.

AIM:

To evaluate the accuracy of preoperative clinical examination in depicting lesions caused by penetrating wounds of hands or forearms.

SETTING AND DESIGN:

This prospective study was conducted from August 2006 to September 2009 at Kashani University Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two hundred and fifty patients with clean penetrating injury to the hand/forearm were enrolled in this study. After patient's data registration, a careful clinical examination and routine exploration without expansion of wound were done by an orthopedic resident. Each tendon was tested at each joint level. Nerves were evaluated with a two-point discrimination test, and arteries were tested with palpable pulses. Surgical exploration was done by a single hand surgeon in operation room. Accuracy of clinical examination was compared to surgical examination.

RESULTS:

During the study period, 180 (72%) males and 70 (28%) females with mean age of 28±4 years participated. The preoperative examination showed a predominance of the volar zone IV injuries followed by volar zone II, III, thumb zone II, volar zone V and thumb zone III. Despite the enough accuracy of preoperative examinations in dorsal side injuries of hands and forearms (error rate = 8.3%), the preoperative examinations significantly underestimated the amount of damage to soft tissues on the volar side of hands and forearms (error rate = 14%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The precise surgical evaluations should be considered in patients with penetrating injury to the hand or forearm, especially in those with volar side injuries.

KEYWORDS:

Accuracy; clinical examination; hand; injury; surgical examination; tendon

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center