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Pediatr Phys Ther. 2011 Winter;23(4):365-73. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3182351c3c.

Predictors of Standardized Walking Obstacle Course outcome measures in children with and without developmental disabilities.

Author information

1
School of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529, USA. kkott@odu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was designed to determine which characteristics of children predict measures on the Standardized Walking Obstacle Course (SWOC).

METHODS:

SWOC testing was performed under 3 conditions: (1) walk, (2) walk with a tray, and (3) walk wearing shaded glasses. Trials consisted of standing up, walking the course in 1 direction, and sitting down. Children (n = 440) completed 2 trials per condition. Trial measures included time, and numbers of steps, stumbles, and steps off the path. Relationships were evaluated using Chi-square analyses and significant predictors were determined by multiple logistic regression analyses. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated to determine the accuracy of disability as a predictor.

RESULTS:

Age, weight, and disability were the strongest predictors (P < .05). Increased age and weight predicted shorter time and fewest steps. Disability predicts longer time and most steps.

CONCLUSION:

The SWOC is appropriate to screen children for disabilities in functional ambulation.

PMID:
22090077
DOI:
10.1097/PEP.0b013e3182351c3c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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