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Prosthet Orthot Int. 2012 Mar;36(1):7-14. doi: 10.1177/0309364611428662. Epub 2011 Nov 16.

Is occupational therapy practice for older adults with lower limb amputations evidence-based? A systematic review.

Author information

1
Brunel University, London, UK. georgia.spiliotopoulou@brunel.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although occupational therapists are integral to the rehabilitation process of people with amputations, the effectiveness of the occupational therapy intervention for older adults with lower limb amputations has not been investigated.

OBJECTIVES:

To identify the effectiveness of the occupational therapy interventions with older adults aged 65 years and older with lower limb amputations.

STUDY DESIGN:

Systematic review.

METHODS:

A systematic search was conducted in CINAHL, PUBMED, OTSEEKER and OTDBASE from January 1985 to January 2011. The eligible papers were critiqued using a typology, which involved designation of levels of evidence and quality markers.

RESULTS:

The databases yielded 2,664 potential publications. Of these, only two were included in the final review. These studies suggested that the frequency of the occupational therapy sessions was found to be statistically significantly related to prosthesis use and that service users perceived positive benefits about the provision of stump boards. Both studies had limitations resulting in a need for further investigation in these areas.

CONCLUSION:

Research evidence on the occupational therapy interventions with this population is limited and scarce. Occupational therapists need to take urgent action to address the identified evidence-based gaps in order to devise informed targeted rehabilitation programmes for this client group.

PMID:
22089164
DOI:
10.1177/0309364611428662
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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