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J Acoust Soc Am. 2011 Nov;130(5):3077-84. doi: 10.1121/1.3641434.

Characteristics of biosonar signals from the northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus.

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1
Fjord&Bælt and University of Southern Denmark, Margrethes Plads 1, 5300 Kerteminde, Denmark. magnus@fjord-baelt.dk

Erratum in

  • J Acoust Soc Am. 2012 Apr;131(4):3181.

Abstract

The biosonar pulses from free-ranging northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus) were recorded with a linear hydrophone array. Signals fulfilling criteria for being recorded close to the acoustic axis of the animal (a total of 10 clicks) had a frequency upsweep from 20 to 55 kHz and durations of 207 to 377 μs (measured as the time interval containing 95% of the signal energy). The source level of these signals, denoted pulses, was 175-202 dB re 1 μPa rms at 1 m. The pulses had a directionality index of at least 18 dB. Interpulse intervals ranged from 73 to 949 ms (N = 856). Signals of higher repetition rates had interclick intervals of 5.8-13.1 ms (two sequences, made up of 59 and 410 clicks, respectively). These signals, denoted clicks, had a shorter duration (43-200 μs) and did not have the frequency upsweep characterizing the pulses of low repetition rates. The data show that the northern bottlenose whale emits signals similar to three other species of beaked whale. These signals are distinct from the three other types of biosonar signals of toothed whales. It remains unclear why the signals show this grouping, and what consequences it has on echolocation performance.

PMID:
22087935
DOI:
10.1121/1.3641434
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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