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Hepat Mon. 2011 Feb;11(2):119-22.

Efficacy of Hepatitis B vaccine in those who lost Hepatitis B surface antigen during follow-up: Efficacy of HBV vaccine in those who lost HBsAg.

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Infectious Diseases Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR Iran.



The level of HBsAg in some chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected individuals may decline over time so that it is not detectable in serum.


To assess the efficacy of HBV vaccine in those who lost their HBsAg without seroconverssion to anti-HBs antibody.


From April 1993 to December 2008, of 1603 chronic HBV-infected individuals, 34 (22 men and 12 women) became HBsAg-negative in follow-up visits, with no detectable anti-HBs antibody and HBV DNA in their sera. They received HBV vaccination at 0, 1 and 6 months (case group). Fifty-two subjects (30 men and 22 women) who were negative for HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc antibody, received HBV vaccination according to the said schedule (control group). Anti-HBs antibody was assessed one month after the last dose of vaccination in the both groups.


The mean±SD age of the case and control groups was 38±12.7 and 33.4 ± 8.6 years, respectively (p = 0.07). The sex distribution between these two groups were similar (p = 0.652). The mean ± SD years of follow-up for the case group was 7.6 ± 4.5 years. Anti-HBs antibody level ≥ 10 IU/L was found in 8 (24%) subjects in the case group and in 45 (87%) in the control group (p < 0.001). The mean±SD anti-HBs antibody level in the case group was 68 ± 32.66 and in the control group 344.6 ± 38.9 IU/L (p < 0.001).


We found that nearly 24% of chronic HBsAg-positive subjects who lost their HBsAg responded to HBV and the remaining cases need to be followed for occult HBV infection.


Chronic hepatitis B; Follow-up study; HBsAg; Hepatitis B vaccine; Hepatitis B virus


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