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Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Mar;107(3):451-9. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2011.377. Epub 2011 Nov 15.

Gastrointestinal and psychological mediators of health-related quality of life in IBS and IBD: a structural equation modeling analysis.

Author information

1
Center for Neurobiology of Stress, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095-7378 , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are chronic gastrointestinal (GI) syndromes in which both GI and psychological symptoms have been shown to negatively impact health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The objective of this study was to use structural equation modeling (SEM) to characterize the interrelationships among HRQOL, GI, and psychological symptoms to improve our understanding of the illness processes in both conditions.

METHODS:

Study participants included 564 Rome positive IBS patients and 126 IBD patients diagnosed via endoscopic and/or tissue confirmation. All patients completed questionnaires to assess bowel symptoms, psychological symptoms (SCL-90R), and HRQOL (SF-36). SEM with its two components of confirmatory analyses and structural modeling were applied to determine the relationships between GI and psychological symptoms and HRQOL within the IBS and IBD groups.

RESULTS:

For both IBD and IBS, psychological distress was found to have a stronger direct effect on HRQOL (-0.51 and -0.48 for IBS and IBD, respectively) than GI symptoms (-0.25 and -0.28). The impact of GI symptoms on psychological distress was stronger in IBD compared with IBS (0.43 vs. 0.22; P<0.05). The indirect effect of GI symptoms on HRQOL operating through psychological distress was significantly higher in IBD than IBS (-0.21 vs. -0.11; P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Psychological distress is less dependent on GI symptom severity in IBS compared with IBD even though the degree that psychological distress impacts HRQOL is similar. The findings emphasize the importance of addressing psychological symptoms in both syndromes.

PMID:
22085819
PMCID:
PMC3855477
DOI:
10.1038/ajg.2011.377
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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