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J Behav Med. 2013 Feb;36(1):10-9. doi: 10.1007/s10865-011-9386-9. Epub 2011 Nov 16.

Health professional advice for smoking and weight in adults with and without diabetes: findings from BRFSS.

Author information

1
Behavioral Sciences & Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1815 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. gillian.schauer@emory.edu

Abstract

Health risk behaviors including smoking and weight-gain can cause and exacerbate chronic diseases like diabetes. Brief provider advice is an effective intervention to reduce risk from these behaviors. However, behavioral advice is provided more often to those who already have a chronic illness when compared with those who are at risk. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the frequency of provider advice for smoking cessation and weight loss varies between overweight or obese smokers with and without diabetes. BRFSS data from a subset of overweight and obese smokers with (n = 848) and without (n = 6,279) diabetes were analyzed to determine differences in reported provider advice. Overweight and obese smokers with diabetes reported receiving more advice for both weight (46.4% vs. 23.4%, P < 0.001) and smoking (84.5% vs. 72.8%, P < 0.001) compared to those without diabetes. Advice for smoking cessation was reported two to three times more often than advice for weight. Nearly a quarter of those with diabetes and almost half of those without reported no receipt of advice about weight. Results indicate that providers are not adequately addressing overweight and obesity in patients with and at risk for diabetes.

PMID:
22083143
DOI:
10.1007/s10865-011-9386-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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